Connor Hayes speaks with Dr Andy Higginbottom, about the killing of 34 miners on 16 August 2012 in Marikana, South Africa, an event since known as ‘the Marikana Massacre’, who were on strike while working for a mine owned by the British company Lonmin. Topics of discussion include the collaboration between the ANC government of South Africa, the South African Police Services, and the Lonmin company to massacre the miners, the historical role played by British mining companies in colonizing Africa, the resistance of peoples in Marikana and around Africa against the extractive neocolonialism of corporations from Britain and the global north, and the international solidarity movements that have arisen in support of the people of Marikana, including a demonstration held on 16 August 2021, on the 9th anniversary of the massacre, outside the South African embassy in London which Dr Higginbottom helped to organise.

Dr. Higginbottom is an associate professor in the department of politics, human rights and international rights at Kingston University in London, where he teaches and researches on international political economy, slavery, emancipation, and extractivism. He has also been a long-time international solidarity campaigner, in active support of social movements in Colombia, South Africa, the Eelam Tamils, and anti-colonial and liberation movements around the world.

Connor Hayes is an activist, researcher, and a student of philosophy. He was a member of the 2019 International Peace Delegation to Imrali.

For more resources, see the following:

Sinethemba Fundraising Appeal:
Sinethemba Women, Marikana South Africa Workshop

Marikana Resources:
Peter Alexander, Luke Sinwell, Thapelo Lekgowa (2013) Marikana: A View from the Mountain and a Case to Answer Bookmarks

Benchmarks Foundation (various)

Asanda Benya (2016) The invisible hands: women in Marikana

Rehad Desai (2014) Miners Shot Down – Film

Dick Forslund (2014) The Bermuda Connection: Profit Shifting, Inequality and Unaffordability at Lonmin 1999–2012. Cape Town: Alternative Information and Development Centre

Andy Higginbottom (2018) The Marikana Massacre in South Africa: the Results of Toxic Collusion

Greg Maronovich (2017) Murder at Small Koppie: The Real Story of South Africa’s Marikana Massacre Michigan State University Press

Ranjeni Munusamy (2015) The Marikana massacre is a tale of utter shame for South Africa

New Frame (2021) Anatomy of a Massacre

SERI (2015) Commissioning The Present: Marikana and its Aftermath
including Farlam Commission transcripts

Recent Reports on Occasion 9th anniversary:
AMCU Warns Of Marikana Repeat If SA’s Economic Policies Not Reformed

‘I don’t feel like a citizen of this country’

Returning to Marikana: Seeing that koppie where the bodies once lay was tough

This interview is sponsored by the Peace in Kurdistan Campaign ( and the Campaign Against Criminalising Communities (

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